One-third of our lives was spent asleep. While we sleep the body recovers physically and mentally. However, we do not pay enough attention to this very important phase of our lives.
Dr. Alex Lechin is one of the pioneers in the specialization of Problems of Sleep. He explained that sleeping is an active and non-passive process, during which the central nervous system and the body recover. Doctor always talks about the phases of sleep, what are they? Sleep has the Non-REM phase and the REM (rapid eye movement) phase.
The non-rem phase has three stages: I-Light sleep; II-Deep sleep and III-Sueno Delta where the growth hormone and other hormones are produced. Also, neurotransmitters are regenerated. The first two stages are composed of light and deep sleep slow waves. During this early stages the body functions reach their lesser activity and this is accompanied by the segregation of hormones that produce restoration of the tissues and organs.
The second stage is the REM (Rapid Eye Movement): during this stage we sound. And that is when memory and learning are consolidated. Doctor, how do we make sure we complete all phases of sleep? You should sleep seven to nine hours a day running, without interruption. To complete all the regenerative phases of sleep. By interrupting sleep or not being able to sleep the necessary hours we do not complete the recovery of body and mind.
And what happens then? The body needs to complete these phases daily. If not, the lack of sleep degenerates into endless diseases and complications such as: Increased appetite that can lead to obesity, cardiovascular, immunological, gastric, mental problems, hypertension, increases cortisol production, lack of energy and the non-production of growth hormone that is what keeps us young and very important for children. Lack of sleep has also been attributed to road accidents. Doctor Lechin, how do we do to sleep well and fulfill all these stages of sleep? In a world where everyone complains of not being able to sleep.
First it is important that people plan their lives to sleep eight hours a day. To sleep is important to have a sleep hygiene. You must lie down at the same time every day and get up at the same time. Have a repeat routine before bed every night. You should not do night exercises, you should not take caffeine. Do not use the bed to read, work or watch television. The bed should be used only for two things. If in spite of all this the person does not get to sleep or feels tired during the day, it should rule out that he has problems or diseases of the dream. Such as: Sleep apnea, parasomnia, narcolepsy, somnambulism, depression or others.
For this, consult a sleep disease specialist. Dr. Alex Lechin specializes in respiratory diseases, intensive care, sleep disorders and internist. Practice at Hermann Memorial since 1994.